A kimberlite crater in Canada, said to be 53 million years old, yielded exquisitely preserved unfossilized wood.Miners were digging for diamonds and found unfossilized wood encased in the rock. Diamonds are usually found in kimberlite dikes that erupt the gems rapidly from deep in the earth in “explosive phreatomagmatic events” (1/12/2012, 5/07/2007). The discovery was reported on PLoS ONE by Wolfe et al. (“Pristine Early Eocene Wood Buried Deeply in Kimberlite from Northern Canada,” PLoS ONE 7(9): e45537. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045537):We report exceptional preservation of fossil wood buried deeply in a kimberlite pipe that intruded northwestern Canada’s Slave Province 53.3±0.6 million years ago (Ma), revealed during excavation of diamond source rock. The wood originated from forest surrounding the eruption zone and collapsed into the diatreme before resettling in volcaniclastic kimberlite to depths >300 m, where it was mummified in a sterile environment. Anatomy of the unpermineralized wood permits conclusive identification to the genus Metasequoia (Cupressaceae). The wood yields genuine cellulose and occluded amber, both of which have been characterized spectroscopically and isotopically. From cellulose δ18O and δ2H measurements, we infer that Early Eocene paleoclimates in the western Canadian subarctic were 12–17°C warmer and four times wetter than present. Canadian kimberlites offer Lagerstätte-quality preservation of wood from a region with limited alternate sources of paleobotanical information.The genus Metasequoia includes the dawn redwood, a “living fossil” rediscovered in China. “Metasequoia was common in southern Alaska in the Late Paleocene and Early Eocene, producing a rich record of foliage and cones,” they said. Fossils are rare in the discovery region due to extensive denudation and erosion by subsequent glaciers. Finding warm-climate conifer wood in a glaciated environment indicates huge climatic changes over time, and periods that supported extensive forestation in spite of much higher relative temperatures.Fossil material can fall into a kimberlite crater as a result of the eruption, or can be washed in later. Both mechanisms occurred in the many kimberlite pipes in the region. Numerous pieces of fossil wood have been found by diamond miners over the years. The authors believe the “exceptional” sample they analyzed was entombed at the time of eruption:We envisage that the source tree collapsed into the diatreme at the time of kimberlite emplacement. The great depth of burial suggests that it entered a narrow marginal boundary layer between the blast zone and the wall rock before becoming entombed. We consider the wood to be representative of the Early Eocene forest growing at the site at the time of magmatism. The lack of permineralization suggests that burial was rapid, and that little post-eruptive thermal or tectonic alteration has occurred at the locality.Photographs of the wood tissues in the paper show clear cellular tissues at the microscopic level that retain their original material (“unpermineralized”), including tracheids and parenchyma cells. Most surprising was original cellulose, still intact:Cellulose preservation in fossil conifers varies tremendously given the labile nature of constituent polysaccharides, mandating the need for quality control prior to isotopic analysis…. To our knowledge, this is the oldest verified instance of α-cellulose preservation to date, testifying to the remarkable preservation potential of kimberlite-hosted wood.Amber fragments were also found within the wood. How could such delicate features survive a high-temperature eruption?Despite the relatively subtle features attributed to thermal alteration noted above, we find little evidence that either the quality of cellulose preservation or the isotopic signatures of the various analyzed fractions have been overprinted. We thus envisage that cooling of the igneous body following emplacement in the diatreme was extremely rapid, potentially near-instantaneous, and surmise that any chemical changes to the entombed organic matter occurred in a closed system.From oxygen isotope ratios, they inferred that the forest lived in a much warmer climate with rainfall four times higher than today. “The state of preservation of this wood is unequalled for material of this age, as exemplified by the exquisite quality of anatomical detail and the presence of α-cellulose,” they said, using used the word “remarkable” three times in the paper. The crater was dated by the rubidium-strontium isochron method to be 53.3 million years old.Update 9/22/2012: Live Science reported on the discovery. The article includes a photo of the specimen; it looks like a good-size chunk of firewood. The tree lived in a “swampier past” it said, noteworthy for the high latitude today (Northwest Territories); the fragment was found 1,000 feet down in the kimberlite pipe.Well, this should raise some eyebrows. Original intact cellulose 53.3 million years old? Here’s another opportunity for skeptics of the Moyboy Club (millions-of-years, billions-of-years) to look critically at this evidence. How long can original cellulose survive intact? You can’t even keep it in your freezer for a century. The problem is not the data, but the story painted over it to make it look ancient, like an antiquing trick. (For reasons why isochron dating methods can produce fictitious results that are meaningless, see the 1/12/2005 entry.)The millions-of-years riff adds nothing. It’s like waving a magic wand over the observations to hypnotize the reader into thinking the wood must be incredibly ancient. Why? Because Darwin needs the time. Well, Darwin skeptics don’t. Notice how everything else in the story was rapid: explosive eruption, tree falls in that same minute, cools “instantaneously,” — 53 million yearzzzzzzzzz — quick discovery of intact cellulose in 2012.The authors didn’t think to look for carbon 14 in the wood, undoubtedly, because they believe (based on their commitment to deep time) that it would be hopeless – all traces of carbon 14 should be long gone. Here’s an experiment someone should undertake. If these scientists got samples, there must be many others. Someone go look for carbon 14. Remember, the Moyboys were wrong before. They thought Metasequoia died out 20 million years ago, only to find them alive and well in China. Now you can buy dawn redwoods at the local nursery. Grow this “living fossil” in your yard as a living lesson in the fallibility of experts. (Visited 208 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Pakistan Cricket Board chairman Ijaz Butt today rubbished reports of Mohammad Amir becoming an ICC informant in the ongoing investigations into the spot-fixing scandal and termed them as “baseless”.”This is also a news to me which is not at all correct. I think this is all part of media speculation,” said Butt, who was in the city to meet ICC chief Sharad Pawar in the wake of match-fixing scandal involving Pakistani players.A media report had claimed that Amir may turn an informant of the game’s world governing body, which had suspended the teen paceman along with Mohammed Asif and Test captain Salman Butt.The trio have challenged the suspension and asked for a preliminary hearing into the allegations.Butt said that there cannot be different standards for Mohammad Amir and others and the players are innocent “unless proven guilty”.”Amir’s leniency depends on what’s the outcome of the investigations. You see outcome cannot be same for all three people. Let the Scotland Yard situation come forward, let the ICC thing come forward, then we will see what to do,” Butt told NDTV.He further said it was wrong on part of the British Police to search the Pakistani players’ room without their permission and that the PCB had adopted a wait and see policy over the ongoing investigations.”They have not levelled any specific charges against the boys. Scotland Yard people in their initial investigation came and search the romms of the boys which we protested very strongly. They had done it without informing the PCB or the English and Wales Cricket Board. We were at the Lord’s at that time,” he said.advertisement”All the allegations levelled against our boys by the News of the World tabloid are incorrect,” he added.Butt also didn’t agree with the comments made by Pakistan’s High Commissioner to Britain Wajid Shamsul Hasan about the suspension of the three players by the ICC and further reiterated the fact that he didn’t see an Indian bias in the entire issue.Butt, however, evaded any questions on why the PCB took no action against the players and declined to give any comments on it.Asked about Pakistan’s one-day international skipper Shahid Afridi’s comments regarding “suspicious elements” around the team, Butt replied: “I don’t think so. I have not met him for long. Once I see him, I will ask him what made him to come out with such statement.
Petra Kvitova feels a winner, despite Australian Open pain Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte In securing victory in Melbourne after her stunning win over Serena Williams in the US Open last year, Osaka also clinched the world number-one spot, the first Asian to do so.Her US Open victory was the first by a Japanese player and she is now the youngest woman to win back-to-back majors since Martina Hingis in 1998 and the youngest number one since Caroline Wozniacki in 2010.With her gutsy performance in Melbourne backing up her breakthrough in New York, Osaka confirmed herself as the new star in the women’s game and fans were expecting her to kick on from here.“She can win much, much more! I want her to win on grass… I want her to win at Wimbledon!” Masako Takeda said at the bar as she wiped away tears of joy.Another fan, Aki Tani, praised Osaka for being “humble but playing boldly” on court.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES “I’m so happy that we can tell she has grown so much over the past two years!” she said.Nozomi Hirabayashi noted it was “unthinkable before” that a Japanese player could become the world’s best.“I’m so proud,” he said. “I want her to win the next Grand Slam as she is very mentally strong.”News flashes screamed across Japanese networks after the nail-biting match.The Sankei newspaper tweeted: “She scored a remarkable win that makes us see ‘the Era of Naomi’ coming up.”Osaka has a Japanese mother, a Haitian father and was raised in the United States.She has dual Japanese-American citizenship and often replies to questions from Japan’s media in English, apologising for not knowing the appropriate word when she speaks Japanese.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next But as Osaka claimed victory and sunk to her knees in triumph and disbelief, fans let out the pent-up emotion following a thrilling see-saw battle with eighth seed Petra Kvitova from the Czech Republic.They punched the air, clapped hands and gave each other hugs and high fives as shouts of joy rang around the B ONE bar in upmarket Ginza, replacing earlier chants of “Naomi! Naomi! Naomi!” FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsPrime Minister Shinzo Abe led his nation’s congratulations, hailing an “impressive victory in a very tight game”.“I’m so proud of the birth of the new world queen,” tweeted Abe. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss View comments MOST READ Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Customers react in a bar in Tokyo as Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka wins the Australian Open tennis tournament, on January 26, 2019. (Photo by Martin BUREAU / AFP)It was an agonising two hours and 27 minutes but Japanese tennis fans burst into tears and shouts of joy Saturday as Naomi Osaka sealed her second straight Grand Slam.Supporters in a packed Tokyo bar had a rollercoaster ride watching the action from the Australian Open final as their heroine Osaka contrived to give up three Championship points in the second set.ADVERTISEMENT
Sarah Tew/CNET If you have a serious home-theater system, or even a semiserious one with three or more components, a universal remote control is a wonderful thing. The best universal remotes can unify all those different device clickers into a single wand in a way that can feel magical. All of the best universal remote options have superior ergonomics, with more intuitive button layouts and a better feel than standard remotes. And many of them work with your smartphone or voice systems like Amazon Alexa and Google Home. My family and I have used many of the remotes on this list to control my main home-theater system for months or years at a time. At various points they’ve controlled multiple devices including my TVs, AV receivers, game consoles, Roku streamers and even a cable box DVR. My family uses the system as much as I do, and my main criteria in a universal remote is making it simple enough for a child to operate.Here are my favorite choices for best universal remote over the years that are currently available, in ascending order of price.Note that CNET may get a share of the revenue if you buy anything featured on our site. Read the Logitech Companion review My pick for the best universal remote for the money, is the Companion, a real remote tied to a Harmony Hub. Since the Harmony Hub handles the actual command sending you don’t have to aim the remote and risk one of your devices missing a command — which leads to confusion and delay. The remote is slick and easy to hold, and the battery lasts for months. In my years of using it at home, the main things I missed are backlighting behind the keys and a remote finder. Logitech Harmony Companion: $105 Sarah Tew/CNET Read the Logitech Harmony 650 review Caavo Control Center: $60 plus service fee Read the Logitech Harmony Express preview Read the Amazon Fire TV Cube review Read the Caavo Control Center preview See at Amazon Comments Logitech Harmony wrote the book on the universal remote control, and these are its most basic clickers I can recommend. The main appeal over a cheaper, non-Harmony-based remote controller, or the clicker that comes with your cable box, is the activity-based control. Press the “Watch TV” or “Listen to Music” buttons and the remote controller turns on all the relevant devices (such as your smart TV, blue-ray player, cable box and AV receiver), switches to the right inputs and maps the keys to that activity (Volume to the receiver and Channel up/down to the cable box, for example). Unlike more-expensive Harmonys (below), which use a universal remote app for setup and control, you’ll have to use Harmony’s Mac- or PC-based software to program the remote. The 650 and 665 also rely on IR (infrared) codes emitted from the front of the remote — if you want point-anywhere convenience, you’ll have to spend up for a system with a hub.The 665 is the only one currently listed on Harmony’s site but the 650 is identical (aside from color and number of devices each can control) and can often be found for less, especially refurbished. Harmony Elite: $250 Now we’re getting into big spending territory. The Elite’s main draw over the Companion is its screen, and for most users it’s just not worth it. The touch screen makes it more versatile than cheaper models, especially for calling up favorite channels and Roku apps, and the full backlighting is great. Unfortunately, both suck a lot of battery power so you (and your family) will need to remember to park the remote in its dock on the reg. The Hub is the only clicker on this list that doesn’t actually include a clicker. Instead, you control everything using the Harmony smartphone app — or by talking to your Alexa or Google Home speaker. The hub itself nestles deep in your AV cabinet, blasting out Infrared, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi signals to your equipment. This Harmony smart control is a great system if you live on your smartphone, but for most people investing in a real remote is worth the extra few bucks. Share your voice See at Amazon See at Amazon Amazon Fire TV Cube: $120 Logitech’s newest all-in-one remote control is its most voice-centric yet. Like the Caavo, you can use voice commands to control stuff by talking into the smart control, but unlike Caavo, the Express can talk back in Alexa’s voice. It’s like having a miniature Alexa speaker in your hand. After a couple months as my family’s main remote I find myself wanting an actual power button — you have to say “Turn on the TV” or “Watch Netflix” or even “Turn off the TV” to get stuff to happen — but my main quibble is its high price. As Harmony’s only remote with a finder function, however, this is still the one I’d get if money wasn’t an object. The wacky Cube is a mashup of universal remote controls, Fire TV 4K streamer and Amazon Echo speaker. It comes with a remote but its keys are sparse and rudimentary: real device control happens via your voice. The Cube has an IR blaster to control your gear and a mic sensitive enough to hear your commands over the blare of music. On the downside, you’ll need to keep your old remotes around for many functions.This controlling device is often sold for as little as $80 or less, so definitely wait for a sale — or Prime Day — before buying it. Sarah Tew/CNET Logitech Harmony 650/665: $50 Best laptops for college students: We’ve got an affordable laptop for every student. Best live TV streaming services: Ditch your cable company but keep the live channels and DVR. Logitech Harmony Hub: $70 TVs Media Streamers Logitech Harmony See at Amazon Sarah Tew/CNET Sarah Tew Amazon Bluetooth Best Buy Google Logitech Roku Tags Read the Logitech Harmony Elite review See at Amazon 4 See at Best Buy Caavo’s Control Center is one of two non-Harmony remotes on this list and is also the second-cheapest, but there’s a catch. To get Caavo’s advanced features, you’ll need to shell out bank for the service fee. It costs $4 per month, $40 per year or $130 for the lifetime of the remote. Unlike Harmony, Caavo Control Center includes an HDMI switch in addition to the smart remote. You plug your stuff into the switch and it handles the rest, including automatically recognizing your gear during setup. Caavo has its own voice control system and onscreen display to help you find stuff to watch, the clicker itself is simple and elegant and the remote finder is gold. Like the hub-based Harmonys below, Caavo doesn’t require line of sight (the switch acts as the hub) and will also work with voice commands from Alexa and Google Home speakers. Logitech Harmony Express: $250 See at Amazon
Rescue personnel have cordoned off the area at the Turku Market Square in the Finnish city of Turku where several people were stabbed. Photo: AFPFinnish police arrested five people in a Turku apartment overnight in their investigation into a stabbing rampage that left two people dead, they said Saturday.Police shot and wounded a knife-wielding suspect on Friday, arresting him minutes after an afternoon stabbing spree at a Turku market square. Police on Saturday raised the number of injured in the attack from six to eight.“There was a raid and we have now six suspects in custody, the main suspect and five others,” detective superintendent Markus Laine of the National Bureau of investigation told AFP.“We are investigating the role of these five other people but we are not sure yet if they had anything to do with (the attack)… We will interrogate them, after that we can tell you more. But they had been in contact with the main suspect,” Laine said.Police have not confirmed the identity of the suspect, but Laine said investigators were “pretty sure” they knew who he was.Police have so far only described him as “a young man of foreign origin”, providing no other details except to say they were collaborating with the Finnish Immigration Service.The suspect is being treated in hospital in intensive care for a gunshot wound to the thigh.The motive for the attack was not yet known, and police have refused to confirm if it was terror-related.“We haven’t yet interrogated the main suspect because of his medical condition,” Laine said.Media reports in Finland said police believed the suspect had picked his victims at random, but Laine could not confirm that.Police have said it was likely the suspect acted alone, but added they were looking for “other possible perpetrators.”Central Turku was swiftly cordoned off after the attack, which occurred just after 4:00 pm (1300 GMT), although the area was reopened several hours later.Finland also raised its emergency readiness across the country after the stabbing, increasing security at airports and train stations and putting more officers on the streets.In June, Finland’s intelligence and security agency Supo raised the country’s terror threat level by a notch, from “low” to “elevated”, the second notch on a four-tier scale.It said at the time it saw an increased risk of an attack committed by the the so-called Islamic State (IS) group.
Kolkata: Better coordination between members of Rogi Kalyan Samities and hospital authorities is going to be one of the main points of discussion during the meeting in which Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will be taking stock of the present situation of the health sector in the state. Senior officials of the state Health department, state-run hospitals and medical colleges and other concerned officials will be present in the meeting, that will be held at Nabanna Sabhaghar on Tuesday. It may be mentioned that the meeting was earlier scheduled to be held on May 22. Later, it was rescheduled and would take place on Tuesday. Sources said that representatives of Rogi Kalyan Samiti will also be present in the meeting and there will be discussion to ensure better coordination between them and hospital authorities. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsAccording to the sources in Nabanna, there will be a turnout of around 425 officials in the meeting and it includes the heads of all departments as well. It may be recalled that the Chief Minister had held such a meeting soon after coming to power in 2011. The meeting was held in Town Hall then. However, now, almost all the meetings of the state government, including the central level administrative review meeting that used to take place in Town Hall, are organised in Nabanna Sabhaghar.
Kolkata: Sulabh International on Tuesday inaugurated a water treatment plant to provide low-cost drinking water in arsenic-hitBengal villages.Bindeshwar Pathak, founder of Sulabh International unveiled the water treatment plant at Panchberia, West Midnapore with Prof K J Nath,Chairman Arsenic Task Force, former director of All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIH&PH) and Advisor, Sulabh International Social Service Organization (SISSO) under ‘Sulabh Drinking Water’project to provide villagers arsenic-free safe drinking water. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe basic objective of the project is to provide arsenic free safe drinking water of WHO standard at cheap rates to the rural population of about nearly 3,000 people in Panchberia and nearby villages, Daspur block,West Midnapore.The new water treatment plant has a capacity to produce 10,000 bottles of varying capacity (600 ml to 20 litre) with a sophisticated laboratory and a completely automated bottling plant. The produced water is being sold to the villagers at less than Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPRe 1/ per litre.The villagers along with women from the local Self-Help Group are going to operate this plant with supervision and required training provided by SISSO.According to WHO, drinking arsenic-rich water over a long period results in various health hazards, including skin problems, skin cancer, cancer of the bladder, kidney and lung, besides other diseases.Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder, SISSO said: “I have been totally surprised after visiting the plant! It is amazing to see that village level workers and women could operate and manage such a sophisticated plant producing safe water of WHO standard at minimum cost. Sulabh would be happy to provide all support and technical assistance.The project is an excellent example of empowerment of rural community, particularly women at thevillage level”.
Read MoreLatest Staffordshire Police News Get the biggest Daily stories by emailSubscribeSee our privacy noticeThank you for subscribingSee our privacy noticeCould not subscribe, try again laterInvalid EmailThe A53 was blocked for two hours in both directions by a lorry following an accident The accident took place on the A53 Etruria Road near the junction with Lanehead Road – and the driver has been taken to hospital. The road was closed in both directions between A5010 Etruria Road / Festival Way (Festival Park Roundabout) and A500 D Road /Etruria Way ( Basford Roundabout). INRIX, a traffic data company, reports the accident has happened near Etruria Park and the road is blocked in both directions. The accident is believed to have taken place at around 9.30am and reopened at 11.30am Traffic was queuing in the area – with police asking motorists to seek alternative routes if possible. A Staffordshire Police spokesman said: “A53 – Etruria Vale Road was currently closed in both directions whilst officers respond to an incident. “We had the A53 closed both directions due to an incident by Festival Park.” Read MorePolice probe after North Staffordshire woman, 56, found dead in Central America The section of road reported blocked (Image: Google/INRIX) The approximate location of the accident The closure led to queuing traffic on other major roads in the area including Trinity Street in Hanley and the A500 Southbound. A West Midlands Ambulance Service spokeswoman said they had sent two ambulances to the scene and taken a man to hospital. She said: “We were called by Staffordshire Police to reports of a man in cardiac arrest in a lorry. “Police performed CPR on the scene. Two ambulances attended and paramedics took over advanced life support. “The man has been taken on blue lights to Royal Stoke University Hospital.” Police find £250k cannabis factory There is no other reported traffic disruption in the city at the moment. For more live traffic and travel news from across Stoke-on-Trent, North Staffordshire and South Cheshire visit our daily live news service here.
CIE Tours’ April Sale covers Ireland, Scotland, England, Wales & Italy Tags: CIE Tours, Promotions Monday, April 8, 2019 << Previous PostNext Post >> Travelweek Group Share TORONTO — CIE Tours’ April Sale takes 10% off select, all-inclusive guided vacations through Ireland, Scotland, England, Wales and Italy.Tour departures must be booked by April 22 and run through peak summer travel dates. The promo code is APR1910C.Sample tours, with pre-discount starting rates, include:Irish Spirit: 8 days, starting at Can$2,903 per person – An introduction to the east and west coasts of southern Ireland, including Galway, Connemara and Mayo, plus two nights at the luxury Lodge at Ashford.Irish Classic: 13 days, starting at $4,293 person – The architectural and natural wonders of Ireland with visits to can’t-miss destinations, including Blarney Castle, Cliffs of Moher and Giant’s Causeway.Best of Britain: 10 days, starting at $3,654 per person – A comprehensive tour of England, Wales and Scotland, spanning Britain’s great cities and the charming old towns of the British countryside.Highlights of Britain: 15 days, starting at $5,396 per person – Explores some of Britain’s most popular sites, including Stonehenge, London, Edinburgh Castle and Shakespeare’s birthplace.Scottish Dream: 8 days, starting at $2,552 per person – Castle tours, a trip to picturesque Isle of Skye and the bustling cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow.Taste of Italy: 7 days, starting at $2,903 per person – Venice, Florence and Rome featuring Italy’s top sights, culinary highlights and hidden gems.More news: Hotel charges Bollywood star $8.50 for two bananas and the Internet has thoughtsFor more information see cietours.com. Posted by